Psychology Article

Personality in sport


" The sum total of an individual's characteristics which make him unique” (Hollander, 1971). " Personality is definitely the more or less secure and everlasting organisation of the person's figure, temperament, intellect and entire body which establishes the unique adjustment to the environment” (Eysenck, 1978).


•Research in to sports personality has been around considering that the 1800's. •Research into whether personality influences performance remains to be very limited.

In Mindset we have sports theories. These are used to explain personality and exactly how it can influence sports performance.

The primary theories that we will review are;

•Marten's Schematic Look at

•The Psychodynamic Theory

•Trait Theory

•Situational Approach

Martens Schematic View

It can be in the opinion of Marten's that we have three or more different levels 1 . Internal Core

installment payments on your Typical Responses

3. Position related conduct

Space for diagram

The psychological core

•Referred to while the real you

•Part of you that contains your philosophy, values, thinking and hobbies •Relatively continuous and steady responses

Case in point:

In this instance your decisions are generally the same actually in different environments. 1 . You are within an exam where you know a lot of your school mates are cheating. An individual do this because it would be wrong. 2 . You are a professional athlete to see how a lot of your team mates are taking performance enhancing drugs to further improve their performance. You do not do that as you find this since cheating. Your beliefs will be stable because you believe equally instances will be cheating.

Typical Replies

•The normal ways that you respond to the world around you, or diverse situations you might find yourself in. •


On a Sat afternoon you play five a side football. The opposition you are playing keep intentionally fouling you. This results on you having pent up resulting in you yelling and becoming aggressive as you imagine this behaviour deliberate and unsporting. Alternatively one nighttime you may be introduced to someone new and you might be quiet when you fulfill this person intended for the time since you don't desire to overawe them. The responses you provide over these two circumstances is labeled how you persona changes if it is placed in diverse situations...... standard responses!

Role Related Behaviour

•This is determined by the circumstances you will find yourself in •This is the most changeable facet of personality, otherwise you personality changes as the perception of the personality adjustments.


About lively deafening people you could act high in volume also to slip in. About quiet, timid people you may act more reserved not to overwhelm them.

The Trait Theory

•The trait theories suggest that everyone has selected characteristics which will determine partly how they react in certain circumstances. •Traits are relatively stable (don't change)

•It is definitely believed there are 2 main dimensions to personality: 1 . An introversion-extroversion dimension

installment payments on your A stable-neurotic dimension.


•People who usually do not actively search for excitement and would rather be in calm surroundings. •They prefer tasks that want concentration and dislike the unexpected.


•Become bored quickly

•Not generally good at tasks that want concentration

•They seek modify and excitement.

Person task

What are you, a great introvert or perhaps extrovert? Finish personality test to reveal you results.

Class Discussion

Within a sporting situation, who do you belief will be better an introvert of the extrovert?

It is suggested....

•Extroverts are much less responsive to discomfort making them better in physical tasks/sports. •Extroverts are said to be more successful in sporting scenarios because they can cope with competitive and distracting situations.

It is said someone�s personality can be classed while either steady or shaky.

•Stable persons tend...

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